Human resources (HR) is the function of business that is focused on employees. There are many different areas including recruiting, training, benefits, compensation, employee relations, diversity management, consulting and more.
There are two main career paths for human resources professionals, generalist or specialist. A role as a generalist will cover all the areas of HR, while a specialist focuses on one area.
|HR Generalist - Job Titles||HR Specialist - Job Titles|
Certifications may not always be mentioned in a human resources job description. But, some employers will prefer or in some cases even require HR professional certification. The most popular and long-standing certification you will see is listed as PHR (Professional in Human Resources) or SPHR (Senior Professional in Human Resources). These certifications require both educational and experience components and the certification is provided by the HR Certification Institute.
Recently, however, it appears that the Society for Human
Resource Management is now offering their own certification
programs. It is unclear how this will impact employer
requirements for professional certification in the future. It
is always helpful to speak to several HR professionals
currently working in the field to stay informed about current